Solution 1. Reforms such as widow remarriage, women education and right to vote to women were possible due to the work of these reformists. After independence, the Constitution gave equal rights to women in all fields.
For which reforms were the women’s movement in the pre-independence fighting?
The pre-independence women’s movement fought to eradicate the injustice and exploitation of women and to help them lead respectful and socially active lives.
For which reforms were the women’s movement?
The feminist movement (also known as the women’s liberation movement, the women’s movement, or simply feminism) refers to a series of political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women’s suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of …
What was the aim of the pre-Independence women’s movement?
Human rights v/s basic rights- Pre-independence movements revolved mainly against human rights violations in the form of Sati and mistreatment of widows. Whereas, post independent movements aim at resolving basic issues like female education, equal pay for equal work, etc.
How did the objectives of women’s movement change after independence?
The pre-independence movements were essentially about social reforms and initiated by men. In comparison, the post-independence movement demanded gender equality, questioned gender-based division of labor and highlighted the oppressive nature of the existing patriarchal structure.
Which issues are taken up by the women’s movement after independence?
In the post-independence period, the women’s movement has concerned itself with a large number of issues such as dowry, women’s work, price rise, land rights, political participation of women, Dalit women and marginalized women’s right, growing fundamentalism, women’s representation in the media etc.
What were the 19th century reform movements?
The three main nineteenth century social reform movements – abolition, temperance, and women’s rights – were linked together and shared many of the same leaders. … They turned their attention to gaining suffrage for women and fighting other legal and social restrictions on women’s lives.
What did the women’s rights movement fight for?
women’s rights movement, also called women’s liberation movement, diverse social movement, largely based in the United States, that in the 1960s and ’70s sought equal rights and opportunities and greater personal freedom for women. It coincided with and is recognized as part of the “second wave” of feminism.
What did the women’s movement accomplish?
The women’s movement was most successful in pushing for gender equality in workplaces and universities. The passage of Title IX in 1972 forbade sex discrimination in any educational program that received federal financial assistance. The amendment had a dramatic affect on leveling the playing field in girl’s athletics.
What is the effect of pre-independence feminist movement?
It resulted in some amount of social freedom for women. Women joined in Kathas and Kirtans organized by various saints of the Bhakti Movement. This helped in freeing women from the drudgery and restrictions of domestic life.
What are the salient features of women’s movement in India?
To a large extent, the emerging feminist movement in India was influenced by Western ideals. These called for education and equal rights but also adapted their appeals to local issues and concerns, such as dowry-related violence against women, Sati, sex selective abortion, and custodial rape.
What do you know about women’s movement in independent India?
Most of the women’s organizations in the post independence India were urban based under the leadership of educated middle and upper class women. After independence, women withdrew from public life and the debate on women’s issues also lost their vigour.
What were the big issue raised by women’s movement in India since 1940?
Some of the issues on which women got together were work, population policies, atrocities on women, including rape and liquor.
Why is the year 1980 important in the history of women’s movement in India?
One of the important movements was Anti Rape movement: Women’s rights movement in India gained a national appeal with an anti-rape movement in 1980. Its origin lay in the excesses committed by the state repressive machinery during the Emergency Rule in India from 1975 to 1977.
What are the objectives of women’s movement in India?
These movements raised a number of diverse issues-land-rights, wages, employment, security at work place, water availability, destruction of nature, oppression and exploitation of Dalits and the working masses.