What method did Wollstonecraft use to reach her conclusion?

What is Smith’s main idea about trade and economic decision making?

What is Adam Smith’s main idea about trade and economic decision making? Adam Smith believes all people should follow their interests, which both promotes it and benefits the economy.

What was Voltaire’s main idea?

Voltaire believed above all in the efficacy of reason. He believed social progress could be achieved through reason and that no authority—religious or political or otherwise—should be immune to challenge by reason. He emphasized in his work the importance of tolerance, especially religious tolerance.

What two tools or skills did the philosophers believe are necessary to find out the truth of things?

What two tools did the philosophes believe are necessary to find out the truth of things? Observation and reason. All truth comes from a combination of these two tools.

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What was the main idea of the Enlightenment essay?

The Enlightenment, a philosophical movement that dominated in Europe during the 18th century, was centered around the idea that reason is the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and advocated such ideals as liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.

What does Adam Smith mean by the invisible hand?

invisible hand, metaphor, introduced by the 18th-century Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith, that characterizes the mechanisms through which beneficial social and economic outcomes may arise from the accumulated self-interested actions of individuals, none of whom intends to bring about such outcomes.

What is the invisible hand that Smith mentions and how does he think it helps society?

Smith put forth the notion of the invisible hand in arguing that free individuals operating in a free economy, making decisions that are primarily focused on their self-interest logically take actions that benefit society as a whole, even though such beneficial results were not the specific focus or intent of those …

What type of government did Voltaire support?

Voltaire essentially believed monarchy to be the key to progress and change. not exist, it would be necessary to invent him”).

What did Voltaire fight for?

Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher, who attacked the Catholic Church and advocated freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.

What did Montesquieu do?

Montesquieu was a French lawyer, man of letters, and one of the most influential political philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. His political theory work, particularly the idea of separation of powers, shaped the modern democratic government.

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What did Hobbes believe in?

Throughout his life, Hobbes believed that the only true and correct form of government was the absolute monarchy. He argued this most forcefully in his landmark work, Leviathan. This belief stemmed from the central tenet of Hobbes’ natural philosophy that human beings are, at their core, selfish creatures.

What is the first problem Locke finds with the belief in innate principles?

Locke challenged this notion on two accounts. In the first place, he was convinced that there are no ideas which are present in all minds, and in the second place, even if there were ideas which are universally present, this would not prove that they are innate.

How did the ideas of Hobbes and Locke differ?

Political ideas • Hobbes argued for royal absolutism, while Locke argued for constitutionalism. overthrown, while Locke believed that if the social contract is violated, the governed have the right to overthrow the government. Hobbes backed the king, while Locke backed Parliament in the English Civil War.

What was the Enlightenment conclusion?

The world’s many democracies are built on these basic Enlightenment ideas such as: individual freedom, free and fair elections, the rights of citizens, people’s right to participate in their government, and the government’s responsibility to its citizens.

What were three major ideas of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason, individualism, skepticism, and science.

How did the Enlightenment change philosophy?

The Enlightenment has long been hailed as the foundation of modern Western political and intellectual culture. The Enlightenment brought political modernization to the West, in terms of introducing democratic values and institutions and the creation of modern, liberal democracies.

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