What is understood by feminization of agriculture?

This trend has been called the feminization of agriculture. … Women are taking over more of the agricultural tasks once done only by men such as land preparation, and they are investing more work in cash crop production.

What is meant by feminization of agriculture?

In feminist economics, the feminization of agriculture refers to the measurable increase of women’s participation in the agricultural sector, particularly in the developing world. The phenomenon started during the 1960s with increasing shares over time.

What do you understand by feminization of agriculture Class 12?

Feminisation in agriculture means the trend of growing number of momen being employed in agriculture. In some countries it is due to the fact that men leave rural areas to get a better payed job in industry and women take over traditional activities in agriculture.

What causes feminization of agriculture?

Feminization of agriculture is a national or regional phenomenon rooted in gender dynamics at intra-household level where gendered social structures influence individuals’ opportunities (e.g. availability of on or off farm work), choices (e.g. accepting an off-farm job while hiring labour to look after the children) …

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What is thiming in agriculture?

Thinning is a term used in agricultural sciences to mean the removal of some plants, or parts of plants, to make room for the growth of others.

What is the feminization of migration?

The feminisation of migration gives rise to specific problematic forms of migration, such as the commercialised migration of women and girls as domestic workers and caregivers, often resulting in the trafficking of women for labour and sexual exploitation.

Why is feminization of poverty important?

Addressing the causes of the feminization of poverty does not only benefit women but also has structural implications. Studies have shown that increasing women’s educational attainment and paid labor force participation rates directly impact economic growth.

What is feminization Upsc?

What is feminisation of agriculture sector? The term ‘feminisation of agriculture’ was first seen in the Economic Survey 2017-18. It is used to describe the increased absorption of women workforce in agricultural and allied activities. It points out the disproportionate concentration of women in the agriculture sector.

What is Green Revolution Class 9 Ncert?

The introduction of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) of seeds and the increased use of chemical fertilisers and irrigation are known collectively as Green Revolution. It provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in foodgrains, thus improved the agricultural sector in India.

What is Green Revolution Class 12 sociology?

Green Revolution

• Green revolution was a devolution started in 1960’s and 70’s had a drastic change in the productivity. • Introduced in those areas where there was a possibility of a water source and fertile land.

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What is the meaning of feminization?

In sociology, feminization is the shift in gender roles and sex roles in a society, group, or organization towards a focus upon the feminine. It can also mean the incorporation of women into a group or a profession that was once dominated by men.

What led to feminization of agricultural labour force?

Agriculture sector employs 80% of all economically active women; they comprise 33% of the agricultural labour force and 48% of self employed farmers. … According to the Economic Survey 2017-18, a rise in migration of men from rural to urban areas has resulted in feminization of agriculture.

What transformations appear in rural society after independence?

These included: (i) an increase in the use of agricultural labour as cultivation became more intensive; (ii) a shift from payment in kind (grain) to payment in cash; (iii) a loosening of traditional bonds or hereditary relationships between farmers or landowners and agricultural workers (known as bonded labour);

What is thinning and gap filling?

Thinning and Gap filling

Thinning is the removal of excess plants leaving healthy seedlings. Gap filling is done to fill the gaps by sowing of seeds or transplanting of seedlings in gap where early sown seed had not germinated. It is a simultaneous process.

How is thinning out done?

pruning techniques

known as heading back and thinning out. Heading back consists of cutting back the terminal portion of a branch to a bud; thinning out is the complete removal of a branch to a lateral or main trunk. Heading back, usually followed by the stimulation of lateral budbreak below the cut,…

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How is thinning done in agriculture?

In agriculture and gardening, thinning is the selective removal of flowers, fruits, shoots, and seedlings or young plants to allow adequate space for the remaining organs/plants to grow efficiently.