What are the three phases of feminism as discussed by Elaine Showalter in her essay towards a feminist politics?

Elaine Showalter’s three phases of feminism: the “feminine” (women writers imitate men), the “feminist” (women advocated minority rights and protested), and the “female” (the focus is now on women’s texts as opposed to merely uncovering misogyny in men’s texts).

What are the different phases of feminism?

Three main types of feminism emerged: mainstream/liberal, radical, and cultural. Mainstream feminism focused on institutional reforms, which meant reducing gender discrimination, giving women access to male-dominated spaces, and promoting equality.

What does Showalter mean by feminine phase?

The Female phase (1920— ) is one of self-discovery. Showalter says, “women reject both imitation and protest—two forms of dependency—and turn instead to female experience as the source of an autonomous art, extending the feminist analysis of culture to the forms and techniques of literature”.

What is feminist poetics according to Elaine Showalter?

One of the most influential essay by the American critic Elaine Showalter, “Towards a Feminist Poetics” calls for a separate and autonomous model of literary theory by rejecting the inevitability of male models and theories and recalling women’s literary tradition to the present.

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What does Showalter mean by feminist critique?

Showalter calls the first one ‘feminist reading’ or ‘feminist critique’. It is concerned to the reading of texts to understand the image of woman in literature and to work out the beliefs and stereotypes concerned to woman highlighted and publicized by literary texts.

What are the 3 stages of feminism?

Elaine Showalter’s three phases of feminism: the “feminine” (women writers imitate men), the “feminist” (women advocated minority rights and protested), and the “female” (the focus is now on women’s texts as opposed to merely uncovering misogyny in men’s texts).

What are the 3 phases of the feminist movement?

Feminist movement into the three phases namely the female is biological, the feminist is political and the feminine is cultural.

What is Gynocriticism Elaine Showalter?

Gynocriticism or gynocritics is the term coined in the seventies by Elaine Showalter to describe a new literary project intended to construct “a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature”.

What are the three phases of feminist criticism?

Within second-wave feminism, three phases can be defined: the feminine phase, the feminist phase, and the female phase.

What is Gynocriticism and how does it relate to feminist theory?

A concept introduced by Elaine Showalter in Towards a Feminist Poetics gynocriticism refers to a kind of criticism with woman as writer/producer of textual meaning, as against woman as reader (feminist critique).

What is Gynocriticism in literature?

Abstract. Gynocriticism is the study of women’s writing. The term gynocritics was coined by Elaine Showalter in 1979 to refer to a form of feminist literary criticism that is concerned with women as writers.

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What does poetics mean?

Definition of poetics

1a : a treatise on poetry or aesthetics. b or less commonly poetic pō-​ˈe-​tik : poetic theory or practice also : a particular theory of poetry or sometimes other literary forms a feminist poetics. 2 : poetic feelings or utterances.

What are the different models proposed by Showalter?

Emphasizing the difference factor, Elaine Showalter brings out four models: Biological, Linguistics, Psychoanalytic and Cultural. Each of these models differentiates and define women’s writings and texts.