How does Elaine Showalter define Gynocriticism write the phases of feminist criticism?

Viewing the women’s literary tradition in terms of these phases, Showalter calls the first phase as “feminine” spanning from 1840 – 1880 (a phase of imitation, when women writers like George Eliot wrote with male pseudonyms); the second phase as the feminist phase (1880-1920, the phase of protest) when women won voting …

What are the three phases of feminism as discussed by Elaine Showalter in her essay towards a feminist politics?

Showalter presents three important stages of women’s writing. First, the imitation of the mainstream literary tradition: second, the protest against the standards of this dominant tradition and third, self-discovery which aims at a search for identity. Showalter identifies these stages as Feminine, Feminist and Female.

What is Gynocriticism and how does it relate to feminist theory?

A concept introduced by Elaine Showalter in Towards a Feminist Poetics gynocriticism refers to a kind of criticism with woman as writer/producer of textual meaning, as against woman as reader (feminist critique).

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What is Gynocriticism Elaine Showalter?

Gynocriticism or gynocritics is the term coined in the seventies by Elaine Showalter to describe a new literary project intended to construct “a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature”.

What are the 3 phases of the feminist movement?

Feminist movement into the three phases namely the female is biological, the feminist is political and the feminine is cultural.

What did Elaine Showalter contribute to the evolution of feminism?

Rejecting both imitation and protest, Showalter advocated approaching feminist criticism from a cultural perspective in the current Female phase, rather than from perspectives that traditionally come from an androcentric perspective like psychoanalytic and biological theories, for example.

What does Showalter mean by feminine phase?

The Female phase (1920— ) is one of self-discovery. Showalter says, “women reject both imitation and protest—two forms of dependency—and turn instead to female experience as the source of an autonomous art, extending the feminist analysis of culture to the forms and techniques of literature”.

What is the main concern of gynocriticism?

The main concerns of gynocriticism are to identify what are taken to be the distinctively feminine subject matters in literature written by women; to uncover in literary history a female tradition, … and to show that there is a distinctive feminine mode of experience, or “subjectivity,” in thinking, valuing, and …

What is the difference between Gynocriticism and feminist criticism?

Showalter also posited that feminist criticism falls into two categories: woman as reader (Feminist Critique) and woman as writer (Gynocriticism). … Gynocriticism attempts to construct a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature and focus on female subjectivity, female language and female literary career.

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What is the feminist criticism?

Feminist criticism is concerned with “the ways in which literature (and other cultural productions) reinforce or undermine the economic, political, social, and psychological oppression of women” (Tyson 83).

What is the feminist phase?

Feminist phase theory describes the process of integrating women’s studies scholarship as a series of identifiable stages, for both individuals and disciplines. … Empirical support for one sequential ordering in feminist phase theory argues for the importance and centrality of women-focused scholarship.

What is Gynocriticism in literature?

Abstract. Gynocriticism is the study of women’s writing. The term gynocritics was coined by Elaine Showalter in 1979 to refer to a form of feminist literary criticism that is concerned with women as writers.

What are the 4 types of feminism?

There are four types of Feminism – Radical, Marxist, Liberal, and Difference.