The American feminist theorist Sandra Harding coined the term standpoint theory to categorize epistemologies that emphasize women’s knowledge.
When did feminist standpoint theory first emerge?
Feminist standpoint theories emerged in the 1970s, in the first instance from Marxist feminist and feminist critical theoretical approaches within a range of social scientific disciplines.
What is the feminist perspective theory?
Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical or philosophical discourse. It aims to understand the nature of gender inequality, and examines women’s social roles, experiences, and interests.
What are the basic assumptions of feminist standpoint theory?
Feminist standpoint theory
(3) Research, particularly that focused on power relations, should begin with the lives of the marginalized. Specifically, feminist standpoint theory is guided by four main theses: strong objectivity, the situated-knowledge, epistemic advantage, and power relations.
Standpoint theory, as an epistemology, states that less partial and distorted understandings of nature and social relations will result from research that begins from the standpoint of particular marginalized groups of human beings.
What does Dorothy Smith mean by the bifurcation of consciousness?
Bifurcation is defined as dividing or separating into two parts or branches. In the case of the bifurcation of consciousness, specifically related to standpoint theory, this refers to the separation of the two modes of being for women.
Who created feminism?
Charles Fourier, a utopian socialist and French philosopher, is credited with having coined the word “féminisme” in 1837. The words “féminisme” (“feminism”) and “féministe” (“feminist”) first appeared in France and the Netherlands in 1872, Great Britain in the 1890s, and the United States in 1910.
What are the three main principles of feminist theory?
Feminist theory has developed in three waves. The first wave focused on suffrage and political rights. The second focused on social inequality between the genders. The current, third wave emphasizes the concepts of globalization, postcolonialism, post-structuralism, and postmodernism.
What is the Indigenous standpoint theory?
In his influential work, Torres Strait Islander scholar Martin Nakata defines Indigenous. standpoint theory as “a method of inquiry, a process for making more intelligible ‘the corpus of. objectified knowledge about us’ as it emerges and organises understanding of our lived. realities.”
What is a theoretical standpoint?
Updated January 22, 2020. A theoretical perspective is a set of assumptions about reality that inform the questions we ask and the kinds of answers we arrive at as a result. In this sense, a theoretical perspective can be understood as a lens through which we look, serving to focus or distort what we see.
Is standpoint theory relativism?
Most standpoint theorists have disavowed relativism (e.g., Medina 2013), and their views are often interpreted as rejections of objectivity due to their commitment to situatedness.