This is a statement, signed by the Governor of Tennessee in 1920, verifying that the state legislature ratified the 19th Amendment proposed by the U.S. Congress. Tennessee was the 36th out of the existing 48 states to ratify this amendment, clinching the passage of the amendment allowing women the right to vote.
What role did Tennessee play in the ratification of the 19th Amendment?
On August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment. With Tennessee’s ratification, the 19th Amendment became law, ensuring that the right to vote could not be denied based on sex.
How did the 19th amendment get ratified?
In 1919, the U.S. Congress was finally able to pass the 19th Amendment, and by August 1920, 35 states had ratified the amendment – one short of it being adopted into the Constitution. The final vote came from Tennessee, which narrowly passed the amendment in their statehouse by a vote of 49-47.
Who voted to ratify the 19th Amendment?
On May 21, 1919, the amendment passed the House 304 to 89, with 42 votes more than was necessary. On June 4, 1919, it was brought before the Senate and, after Southern Democrats abandoned a filibuster, 36 Republican Senators were joined by 20 Democrats to pass the amendment with 56 yeas, 25 nays, and 14 not voting.
What nickname did Tennessee receive after its role in passing the 19th Amendment?
In 1920, (when there were 48 states three-fourths of the states was 36), Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment therefore Tennessee is known as the “Perfect 36.”
What role did Tennessee play in the movement for women’s suffrage?
Tennessee played a pivotal role in the passage of the 19th Amendment, which granted women the right to vote in 1920. By that summer, 35 of the 36 states necessary had ratified the amendment. Eight states had rejected the amendment, and five had not voted.
Why is Tennessee called the perfect 36?
On August 24, 1920, Tennessee became the Perfect 36. That is, it became the final state needed to ratify the 19th Amendment which gave women the right to vote in America. … They will take on the persona of pro and anti forces that were represented in Nashville during that long hot summer of 1920.
Who got women’s right to vote?
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote.
When was the 19th Amendment ratified by the states?
Finally, in 1919 Congress passed the 19th Amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote, which three-fourths of the states ratified by August 18, 1920.
How long did it take for the 19th Amendment to be ratified?
First proposed in Congress in 1878, the amendment did not pass the House and Senate until 1919. It takes another fifteen months before it is ratified by three-fourths of the states (thirty-six in total at the time) and finally becomes law in 1920. Read more about it!
How many states voted for the 19th amendment?
Map shows when the states ratified the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution giving women the right to vote. The approval of thirty-six states was needed to ratify the amendment; Tennessee became the thirty-sixth on August 18, 1920, fourteen months after Congress had passed it.
Who opposed women’s suffrage in America?
One of the most important anti-suffragist activists was Josephine Jewell Dodge, a founder and president of the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage. She came from a wealthy and influential New England family; her father, Marshall Jewell, served as a governor of Connecticut and U.S. postmaster general.
Which state passed women’s suffrage first?
Wyoming. On December 10, 1869, Territorial Governor John Allen Campbell signed an act of the Wyoming Territorial Legislature granting women the right to vote, the first U.S. state or territory to grant suffrage to women.
How did suffragettes assist in the passage of the 19th Amendment?
Stanton and Mott, along with Susan B. Anthony and other activists, raised public awareness and lobbied the government to grant voting rights to women. After a lengthy battle, these groups finally emerged victorious with the passage of the 19th Amendment.
Why were manufacturers in Tennessee opposed to expanding women’s voting rights?
Tennessee textile manufacturers were afraid women might want to vote to abolish child labor, and the mills relied on the cheap labor of both children and exploited women. They gave their workers a holiday and shipped them to Nashville to protest against ratification.
Why did the South oppose women’s suffrage?
As was true for anti-suffragists elsewhere, female opponents to suffrage in the South feared that the vote would “desex” women, destroy the home, and lessen, rather than strengthen, women’s power and influence.