Today Wollstonecraft is regarded as one of the founding feminist philosophers, and feminists often cite both her life and her works as important influences. During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children’s book.
What was Mary Wollstonecraft’s philosophy?
Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer and a passionate advocate of educational and social equality for women. She called for the betterment of women’s status through such political change as the radical reform of national educational systems. Such change, she concluded, would benefit all society.
Was Mary Wollstonecraft an Enlightenment philosopher?
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women’s rights. She was the major female voice of the Enlightenment. … She also advocates the education of women, a controversial topic at the time and one which she would return to throughout her career.
Was Mary Wollstonecraft a rationalist?
Mary Wollstonecraft was a renowned women’s rights activist who authored A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792, a classic of rationalist feminism that is considered the earliest and most important treatise advocating equality for women.
Was Mary Wollstonecraft a romanticism?
Mary Wollstonecraft is a key, if somewhat under-recognised, character in the history of Romanticism. She is best remembered for her Vindications, but still read today are her Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, the last work published during her lifetime.
What was Thomas Hobbes philosophy?
Hobbes: For Hobbes, the English Civil War significantly shaped his worldview. In response, he developed a political philosophy that emphasized three key concepts: The natural state of mankind (the “state of nature”) is a state of war of one man against another, as man is selfish and brutish.
What was Denis Diderot philosophy?
Diderot was an original “scientific theorist” of the Enlightenment, who connected the newest scientific trends to radical philosophical ideas such as materialism. He was especially interested in the life sciences and their impact on our traditional ideas of what a person – or humanity itself – are.
Who was the best Enlightenment thinker?
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers, especially concerning the development of political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, but most importantly, the American revolutionaries.
Who are the great female philosophers?
10 Female Philosophers Who Will Change Your Life
- Diotima of Mantinea, around 350-380 BC. …
- Hypatia, 351-415. …
- Heloise d’Argenteuil, ~1090-1164. …
- Tullia d’Aragona, 1510-1556. …
- Laura Bassi, 1711-1778. …
- George Eliot, 1819-1880. …
- Hannah Arendt, 1906-1975. …
- Ayn Rand, 1905-1982.
What did Montesquieu believe in?
Montesquieu concluded that the best form of government was one in which the legislative, executive, and judicial powers were separate and kept each other in check to prevent any branch from becoming too powerful. He believed that uniting these powers, as in the monarchy of Louis XIV, would lead to despotism.
What type of liberal was Mary Wollstonecraft?
Although usually interpreted as a classical liberal or republican thinker, Wollstonecraft is better understood as a feminist care theorist. She aimed at a revolutionary transformation of liberal society by emphasizing the importance of care-giving duties.
What type of government did Mary Wollstonecraft believe in?
In A Vindication of the Rights of Men, Wollstonecraft aggressively argued against monarchy and hereditary privileges as upheld by the Ancien Regime. She believed that France should adopt a republican form of government.
How did Francois Marie Arouet influence modern governments?
Voltaire’s beliefs on freedom and reason is what ultimately led to the French Revolution, the United States Bill of Rights, and the decrease in the power of the Catholic Church, which have all affected modern western society.