Several states and territories recognized women’s suffrage rights before 1920, including Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Idaho, Washington, California, Oregon, Montana, Arizona, Kansas, Alaska, Illinois, North Dakota, Indiana, Nebraska, Michigan, Arkansas, New York, South Dakota, and Oklahoma.
What were the first states to grant women’s suffrage?
Wyoming. On December 10, 1869, Territorial Governor John Allen Campbell signed an act of the Wyoming Territorial Legislature granting women the right to vote, the first U.S. state or territory to grant suffrage to women.
How many states were needed in 1920 to ratify the 19th Amendment?
The First States to Ratify
“A Vote for Every Woman in 1920!” declared the National American Woman Suffrage Association after the passage of the 19th Amendment by Congress on June 4, 1919. To achieve that goal, the legislatures of 36 states would have to ratify the amendment within the next year or so.
Who could vote before 1920?
In other cases, women enjoyed full voting rights before the 19th Amendment. These cases pioneered the woman suffrage movement and were a necessary precedent for the passage of the 19th Amendment. During the 1840s–1850s, Americans came in droves to western territories, specifically Wyoming, in search of gold.
Why did the Western states grant suffrage first?
Territories like Wyoming wanted more white settlers, so they figured they could bring more white women out by allowing them to vote. “Long story short, if they could get white women out here, white men would be more likely to settle down,” Scharff said. She added that these laws were exclusively aimed at white women.
What did the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution do?
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote. …
Which state ratified the 19th Amendment last?
Two days later, U. S. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby issued a proclamation that officially declared the ratification of the 19th Amendment and made it part of the United States Constitution. Tennessee provided the 36th and final state needed to ratify this landmark amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
How many states voted for the 19th Amendment?
The suffrage movement had found a way to get Congress to approve the proposed 19th Amendment, with the endorsement of outgoing President Woodrow Wilson (who hadn’t supported it until it became needed as part of the war effort). By the middle of 1920, a total of 35 states had voted to ratify the amendment.
When did the states ratify the 19th Amendment?
However, a suffrage amendment did not pass the House of Representatives until May 21, 1919, which was quickly followed by the Senate, on June 4, 1919. It was then submitted to the states for ratification, achieving the requisite 36 ratifications to secure adoption, and thereby go into effect, on August 18, 1920.
Why was Wyoming the first to allow women’s suffrage?
Motivated more by interest in free publicity than a commitment to gender equality, Wyoming territorial legislators pass a bill that is signed into law granting women the right to vote. Western states led the nation in approving women’s suffrage, but some of them had rather unsavory motives.