Frequent question: What do Marxist feminist believe about the family?

Marxist feminists examine the family within the context of capitalist society. They argue that women’s exploitation within the family is due to the fact that women are encouraged to carry our unpaid work within the home. This helps capitalism to flourish.

What does Marxist say about the family?

Marxists argue that the nuclear family performs ideological functions for Capitalism – the family acts as a unit of consumption and teaches passive acceptance of hierarchy. It is also the institution through which the wealthy pass down their private property to their children, thus reproducing class inequality.

What does Marxist feminism believe?

Marxist feminism analyzes the ways in which women are exploited through capitalism and the individual ownership of private property. According to Marxist feminists, women’s liberation can only be achieved by dismantling the capitalist systems in which they contend much of women’s labor is uncompensated.

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How do Functionalists Marxists and feminists see the family?

Feminists criticise the functionalist view which sees the family as an institution which benefits all of its members in equal measure. Feminists argue that this view is blind to the gendered aspect of power in the family; it is women who are seen to be responsible for the home and the children.

What is the functionalist perspective on family?

Functionalists argue that all institutions in society have important roles to play in the smooth and functional running of society, and the family is no different. They argue that the family has important functions both for society and for individuals.

What does a Marxist believe in?

Marxism posits that the struggle between social classes—specifically between the bourgeoisie, or capitalists, and the proletariat, or workers—defines economic relations in a capitalist economy and will inevitably lead to revolutionary communism.

What is Marxist and socialist feminism?

Abstract. A central tenet of all forms of Marxist and socialist feminism is the belief that women’s situation cannot be understood in isolation from its socio-economic context, and that any meaningful improvement in the lives of women requires that this context be changed.

What is the difference between Marxist feminist and socialist feminism?

For socialist feminism, patriarchy overlapped but differed from the Marxist emphasis on the primacy of capitalism and class exploitation. Socialist feminism sought to synthesize feminist analyses of gender inequality, social reproduction and economic reproduction.

What are the similarities between feminism and Marxism?

Similarities between Marxism and feminism

The feminist theory coincides with Marxism by relating the division of labor to the expectation accruing from gender roles. Gender entails socially constructed roles that are attributed to both sexes (Kennedy 2013).

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What is the feminist perspective on family?

Feminists, such as Ann Oakley, agree with Marxists and functionalists that the family is essentially a conservative institution that preserves the social order. … They argue that families preserve, support and embed patriarchy.

How does the Marxist view of the family contrast with the functionalist view of the family?

Functionalists view the family and its contribution to society as positive, whereas Marxits see it as a negative institution. Functionalists see the nuclear family as essential for social order.

What is the feminist view of the nuclear family?

The emphasis on the nuclear family model often meant that each woman, one per household, was then encouraged to stay home and rear children. Feminists are concerned with why family and household arrangements are perceived as less than perfect or even abnormal if they stray from the nuclear family model.

What conflict theory says about family?

According to conflict theorists, the family works toward the continuance of social inequality within a society by maintaining and reinforcing the status quo. Through inheritance, the wealthy families are able to keep their privileged social position for their members.

What are the theories of family?

In this chapter we will briefly discuss six such theories: Family Systems, Family Developmental, Life Course, Social Exchange, Ecological, and Feminist. When understanding the family, the Family Systems Theory has proven to be very powerful.

What is conflict theory in family?

Conflict theory focuses the way in which members of the family struggle for different aspects of life. This include struggle for resources and power. As the family grows individuals within the social unit compete for wealth and prestige hence it leads to creation of conflict.

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